In the past several years we have been fortunate to work with the following clients. These projects have challenged us to maintain the spirit and authenticity of the structures while adapting to the clients' needs and purpose. Our crew tends to the smallest details and delivers the highest quality historic restoration, preservation, and period-inspired new construction projects.
For details on the projects, just click through the galleries and, for the captions, hover your cursor over the lower left corner of the image.
Restoration: Gail and Perry Epes' 1740s Stone House
At the corner of Foundry and Taylor roads stands a small stone house built in the mid-18th century by Jacob and Hannah Janney. These two Quakers left Bucks County, Pennsylvania, in 1745 to begin farming on their deeded property and founded the Goose Creek Meeting in the village that is now Lincoln.
A progressive house—meaning the building in its entirety was constructed at different times—it has two sections, each one and a half stories. The original section of the house has two front doors on its west elevation, and its internal central chimney exits the eave rather than the gable of the building.
For more than 250 years the home remained in the hands of local families—the Janneys and the Taylors—until the late 1990s when it was purchased by Gail and Perry Epes. Both served at the Episcopal High School in Alexandria, Perry as head of the English department and Gail as a priest.
When most couples are considering retirement, downsizing and moving to a convenient in-town location, Gail and Perry did the opposite. They left their school-provided accommodations and moved to rural Loudoun County and rehabilitated the stone house in 2011 as their retirement home.
Knowing the Epes were not working with an unrestricted budget, Cochran's approached the project with three principles in mind: 1) the project would have to be sympathetic, 2) practical, and 3) economical.
The house had good bones. All the walls were straight and sound, and the roof had been replaced by the Epes several years earlier.
Among the biggest obstacles were the windows. At some point, the originals were removed and replaced with metal barn sash windows, very cold and very inappropriate. The solution: Cochran's milled heavy timber jambs from salvaged logs in the addition, shaped profiles that match the period, and set new Marvin windows in the replaced jambs.
Cochran's expanded the 1950s shed addition slightly to accommodate a master bath while replacing the floor in the addition and bath with brick laid over radiant heat. Working within the existing footprint, Cochran's designed cabinets, an island, and other fixtures in the 18th century spirit, all with reclaimed materials.
The front porch had been closed in and a deck added. Cochran's removed the deck and took the porch back to its original look and design. The result of this work is a comfortable home that Hannah and Jacob Janney would likely recognize.
In 2014 the Loudoun County Joint Architectural Review Committee recognized this project for excellence in the category of Restoration and Rehabilitation.
Period Inspired: THE BARN AT "LITTLE WASHINGTON"
When the owner of this property near Washington, Virginia—best known as "Little Washington"—decided to double the size of his 19th century Italianate house, he also decided to build a large stone barn to include an office and storage space.
The architects, Madison Spencer Architecture in Charlottesville, Virginia, had heard of Cochran's Stone Masonry and our reputation for authenticity. Spencer contacted us in 2015 in the development stages of the project and expressed his goals for the building. It had to appear to be a period structure; he wanted it to look as if it had been repaired, and it must be constructed with local stone.
Stones that were blasted from a pond being dug on the property were ultimately used for the barn walls. We developed a method of antiquing the pointing to appear weathered, and we used handmade Old Carolina bricks for the arches and infills.
Working closely with Tom Greer of Greer & Associates builders in Charlottesville, we exceeded the architect's and owner's expectations. And as so often happens, we formed new working partnerships and made friends.
Period Inspired: The Crofts' Stone Barn
Our partnership with Alan Croft began when we constructed a patio around a small pool at the 18th century Greek Revival home that he and his wife, Ilona, had dismantled in Connecticut and reconstructed in Northern Virginia.
What followed were two major projects—the building of an all-new stone barn and the restoration of a log home as an addition to the home.
It is likely that the Crofts' barn is the first solid stone barn constructed in Virginia using lime mortar since the late 19th century. Croft found a framed board and batten barn at the intersection of Routes 7 and 267, better known as the Greenway.
He purchased the barn, saving it from inevitable demolition. Then he called Cochran's, which labeled, documented, and disassembled the barn and stored it at the Crofts' property.
When the Crofts contacted Cochran's to begin the reconstruction, they made a small change. Instead of just a stone foundation, they wanted stone walls, too. We made the required foundation changes and repaired the disassembled timber frame where it had some rot, and set the floor system and frame.
Meanwhile, Croft had 200 tons of stone delivered that he purchased from a local farm. Two-foot-thick stone walls were constructed with lime mortar, the exterior pointed with a traditional "V" profile, window jambs angled, and small, tall vent holes built through the gable walls.
Alan Croft presented us with one major challenge: to find a way to not cover up the stonework below the bank barn ramp with dirt fill. Our solution: a supporting arch.
Restoration: The Crofts' Log Addition
Some time after the Crofts moved into their restored Greek Revival home, Alan Croft fell in love with an 1870 West Virginia log home. Constructed of hewn pine and oak logs, some with 20-inch faces, the house also had original floors and paneling. With those logs, combined with the paneling and hardware that Croft had been collecting for years, this promised to be a special project.
Cochran's excavated and constructed solid stone walls to create a full basement for the log house to rest on. Downstairs is a typical 18th century cooking fireplace with a beehive oven.
The first floor has a large fireplace that was made to fit one of the Crofts' salvaged wall panels, which was eventually faux-grained to mimic 18th century style. An upstairs bedroom has a small fireplace in it as well.
A wood roof, relaid original floors, salvaged doors, the owners' hardware, and Alan Croft's attention to detail make this house addition among the nicest period log buildings Cochran's has reconstructed.
Restoration: Nancy and Allen Cochran's 1765 "Patent House" and 1870s Log Addition
Stone Eden Farm near Lincoln, Virginia, was built in 1765 starting as a "patent house." The land agents of Lord Fairfax required grantees to build such a dwelling within certain measurements and to occupy the land and building for a period of time to secure ownership of the property. Then, afterwards, as families grew,the larger additions came. There are many representations of the progressive building method.
The land was originally deeded to the Hatcher family in whose hands it remained until the 1930s when the Brown family purchased it and named the farm Stone Eden. Then, in 1999, the Cochrans bought what was left of the farm after development, thus keeping its ownership in the Goose Creek Meeting community for more than 250 years.
We have restored the stone house with great attention to detail, keeping as much of the original fabric as possible and using only vernacular material when needed.
When we elected to build an addition to the house, we chose to use log construction. Mrs. Brown remembers the remnants of a log building attached to the house when the Browns moved in.
We found a center hall log structure in West Virginia that had wonderful paneling, flooring, and stair railing, all original to the building from the 1870s. Unfortunately, the north gable of the structure suffered from a great deal of rot.
We resolved that issue by gathering stones from our property and constructed a "stone ender"—a 32-inch thick, solid stone gable wall with a 7-foot cooking fireplace.
Reusing the salvaged material and timber from a fallen tree in my grandmother's yard, we completed the new kitchen and upstairs master bedroom. The finished addition appears as an original part of the progressive building's history.
Restoration: Brenda and Matt Parse's Early 1800s Stone House
Long after the Wright Farm in Loudoun County, Virginia, was sold to developers, the stone farmhouse that Amos Goodin built in the early 19th century remained inhabited—by vultures and groundhogs. Finally, the County declared it a hazard and told owner Matt Parse to bulldoze it.
But Matt, who had already converted the stone barn on the property into his home, wasn't about to let this gem bite the dust. While he is neither architect nor mason, he has a craftsman’s eye for detail, perhaps inherited from his parents who restored old buildings as a hobby.
But Matt knew he had his hands full. A seven-inch separation crack on the gable wall, no windows or doors, failed front porch, and a leaking roof would have turned most people away. Matt phoned Cochran's and together we developed a plan to restore the stone building for Matt and Brenda's guest house.
- We had to stabilize the interior structure and completely remove the gable stone wall and interior chimney.
We installed a correct footing and reconstructed the wall, fitting it back into the original components as it went up, all constructed as the original with our lime-clay mortars.
We stabilized the front porch walls and timber-framed the floor system with flattened tops and bottoms of locally harvested oak trees.
Then we installed a locust floor and mortised and tenoned the railings into the oak post.
We designed and installed a built-up roof system, allowing the roof rafters and sheathing to be visible on the inside and installed our sawn white oak shingles for a roof.
- And we made all-new, single-pane window sashes and a front and back door. The windows were placed in the original jambs, and we made matching jambs for the doors.
Some spot pointing around the remaining sections of the house and Cochran's completed our scope of work. Matt jumped in and had the interior walls plastered and the floors refinished, and the house looks exactly as it did 150 years ago.
Restoration: The Vicks' Brick Barn
When Michael and Robin Vick purchased their early 19th century property, it came with a ruin of a brick barn in addition to its historic house. Being brick in Loudoun County is unusual enough but surviving the Great Burning Raid of 1864 makes this barn epically unusual.
Realizing the uniqueness and potential of the building, they elected to convert the building into a living space and called on Cochran's.
In a close creative partnership with the Vicks, we formulated a reuse plan that accentuated the barn's unique details, maintaining authenticity while meeting the Vicks' wishes.
After addressing the structural issues, we began the restoration along with the period inspired interior.
We reconstructed the missing right loft, using the same size timbers as the original ones and framed a connecting catwalk to the existing left loft.
We removed the original 2-inch-thick floor boards and had them re-milled and replaced on the first floor.
We sealed the barn's vents but retained their original appearance by putting black bricks in the openings and recessing them just enough to create the illusion of an opening that casts shadows.
And the Vicks found a salvaged paneled door that we made fit the opening into the bathroom.
Mike Shockey oversaw the project, making and installing all the paneling. We also finished the floors with linseed oil and beeswax.
Thrilled with the job, the Vicks see themselves using the barn as much as they do their historic home.
Timber Frame Barn at One Loudoun
When the owner of a mixed-use development in eastern Loudoun County found a late 19th century barn on the back end of his large tract of land, he thought it would make a great backdrop for a community center.
After contracting Cochran’s, we labeled, documented, and cataloged the timber-framed barn and stored it for reconstruction.
Working closely with the owners, architect, and engineer, we developed a plan to reconstruct the barn matching the original elevations and details while meeting the local codes for public occupancy.
With the owner’s representative, Mike Bailey (with Allen Cochran, above), Cochran’s reconstructed the barn from raw land, installing the footings, foundation, and slab. The timber frame was pre-cut in our facility and erected on the prepared foundation.
Large men’s and women’s restrooms were constructed on the rear of the building using a traditional “cat slide” roof connection. Cochran’s also completed the siding and roofing, oversaw the electrical and plumbing, and finished the interior and exterior trim.
The barn is currently being used as an amphitheater, farmers’ market, and community venue. This project is a brilliant example of how traditional architecture and building techniques can exist compatibly with a development's modern construction.
Preservation: The Crofts' Corn Crib
Cochran's Stone Masonry preserved the Crofts' corn crib using lime-clay mortar for chinking and wooden shakes for the roof.